Learn about Taeguek Forms

The Following are links to Taegeuk Form videos:

Kukkiwon – World TKD Headquarters

This link will take you to the Kukkiwon education center. You must start a free account to view the videos, however there is a large amount of information on this site and it is very useful. The Kukkiwon is the world headquarters for Tae Kwon Do and issues regulations and certificates for Black Belt (Dan) testing. It is also the center for education and development of Tae Kwon Do and its practitioners.

Below are videos from Taekwondo – Poomsae youtube channel.

Heaven and Yang

Taegeuk 1 jang represents the symbol of “Geon” one of the 8 Gwaes (divination signs) which means heaven and “Yang”. Taegeuk 1 symbolizes the beginning of the creation of all things in the universe, and Taegeuk 1 is the beginning of training in Taekwondo. This poomsae (form) is characterized by its easiness in practicing, with walking stance, single punches, kicks and blocks. Taegeuk 1 is required for testing to 8th Gup (Yellow belt).

Lake

Taegeuk 2 Jang symbolizes “Tae”, one of the 8 Gwaes. “Tae” means “The Lake” which signifies the inner firmness and outer softness. This poomsae is characterized by high blocks, long stances and more frequent ap chaggi (front kicks). This poomsae is required for testing to 7th Gup (Orange Belt)

Hot and Bright

Taegeuk 3 Jang symbolizes the “Ri”, one of the 8 Gwaes, which represents “hot and bright”. This poomsae is intended to develop a sense of justice and love for training. Back Stances, double punches, and knife hand blocks are seen in the poomsae. Taeguek 3 Jang is required for testing to 6th Gup (Green Belt).

Thunder

Taegeuk 4 Jang symbolizes the “Jin”, one the 8 Gwaes, which represents the thunder, meaning great power and dignity. Back stances, side kicks, spear hand strikes and knife hand blocks are featured in this poomsae. This Poomsae is required for testing to 5th Gup (purple belt)

Wind

Taegeuk 5 Jang symbolizes the “Son”, one of the 8 divination signs, which represent the wind, meaning both mighty force and calmness according to its strength and weakness. This Taegeuk is characterized by hammer fist strikes, back fist strikes, and smooth flow. This Taegeuk is required for testing to 4th Gup (Blue belt).

Water

Taegeuk 6 Jang symbolizes the “Kam”, one of the 8 divination signs, which represents water, meaning incessant flow and softness. This taegeuk is characterized by front and back stances, front and round kicks and the at-ease stance. . This is required for testing to the 3rd Gup (Brown belt).

The Mountain

Taegeuk 7 Jang symbolizes the “Kan”, one of the 8 divination signs, which represents the mountain, meaning ponderousness and firmness. This Taegeuk is characterized by the cat stance, knife hand blocks and smooth connection of movements. This Taegeuk is required for testing to 2nd Gup (Red Belt).

Earth and Yin

Taegeuk 8 Jang symbolizes the “Kon”, one of the 8 divination signs, which represents “Yin” and earth, meaning the root and settlement and also the beginning and the end. This is the last of the 8 Taegueks. This Taegeuk is required for testing to 1st Gup (Red-Black Belt)

A Learned Man-SeonBae

Koryo poomsae symbolizes “seonbae” which means a learned man, who is characterized by a strong martial spirit as well as a righteous learned man’s spirit. The spirit had been inherited through the ages of Koryo, Palhae and down to Koryo, which is the background of organizing the Koryo poomsae. The line of poomsae represents the Chinese letter, which means “seonbae” or “seonbi”, a learned man or a man virtue in the Korean language. This Poomsae is required for testing to 1st Dan Black Belt.

Diamond

Keumgang [meaning diamond] has the significance of “hardness” and “ponderousness”, The Keumgang Mountain on the Korean peninsula, which is regarded as the center of national spirit, and the “Keumgang Yeoksa”[Keumgang warrior] as named by Buddha, who represents the mightiest warrior, are the background of denominating this poomsae. The poomsae line is symbolic of the Chinese letter for mountain. The movement should be powerful and well balanced so as to befit the black belt’s dignity. This Poomsae is required for testing to 2nd Dan Black Belt.

Bright Mountain

Taebaek is the name of a mountain with the meaning of “bright mountain”, where Tangun, the founder of the nation of Korean people, reigned the country, and the bright mountain symbolizes sacredness of soul and Tangun’s thought of “hongik ingan”[humanitarian ideal]. There are numerous sites known as Taebaek, but Mt. Paektu, which has been typically known as the cradle of Korean people, is the background naming the Taebaek poomsae. The line of poomsae is like a Chinese letter, which symbolized the bridge between the Heaven and the earth, signifying human beings founded the nation by the Heaven’s order. The poomsae movements are largely composed of momtong-makkis and chigis. This poomsae is required for testing to 3rd Dan Black Belt.

The Plain

Pyongwon means a plain or a vast field of land. It is the source of life for all creatures and place from which all creatures gain sustenance. Pyongwon is based on the idea of peace and struggle resulted from the principles of origin and use. The Choon-bi sogi requires a concentration of force in the lower abdomen, the source of all strength, much like the land is the source of strength for all life. The line of movements symbolizes the origin and transformation of the plain. Required for testing to 4th Dan black belt.

Sipjin

The word “Sipjin” derived from the thought of 10 longevity, which advocates there are ten creatures of long life, namely, sun, moon, mountain, water, stone, pine-tree, herb of eternal youth, tortoise, deer, and crane. They are 2 heavenly bodies, 3 natural resources, 2 plants and 3 animals, all giving human beings faith, hope and love. The poomsae Sipjin symbolizes those things. The Chinese letter meaning ten is the form of the poomsae line, which signifies an infinite numbering of the decimal system and ceaseless development. This poomsae is required for testing to 5th Dan black belt

Jitae

The word “Jitae” means a man standing on the ground with two feet, looking over the sky. A man on the earth represents the way of struggling for human life, such as kicking, trading and jumping on the ground. Therefore, the poomsae symbolizes various aspects occurring in the course of human being’s struggle for existence. The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are han-son-nal-olgul-makki, keumkang-momtong-jireugi, and me-jumeok-yop-pyojeok-chigi only, and the poomsae line signified a man standing on earth to spring up toward the heaven.

Cheonkwon

The word “Chonkwon” means the Heaven’s Great Mighty, which is the origin of all the creature and itself the cosmos. Its infinite competence signifies the creation, change and completion. Human beings have used the name of Heaven for all principal earthly shapes and meanings because they felt afraid of the Heaven’s mighty. Over 4,000 years ago, the founder of the Korean people, “Hwanin” meant the heavenly King. He settled down in the “heavenly” town as the capital near the heavenly sea and heavenly mountain, where the Han people as the heavenly race gave birth to the proper through and action from which Taekwondo was originated. The poomsae Chunkwon is based on such sublime history and thoughts

The new techniques introduced in thtis poomsae are nalgae-pyogi [wing opening], bam-jumeok-sosum-chigi [knuckle protruding fist springing chigi], hwidullo-makki [swinging makki], hwidullo-jabadangkigi [swinging and drawing], keumgang-yop-jireugi, taesan-milgi, etc., and a crouched walking manner.

The characteristics of movements are large actions and arm sections forming gentle curves, thus symbolizing the greatness of Chunkwon thought. The poomsae line “T” symbolizes a man coming down from the heaven, submitting to the will of Heaven, being endowed power by the Heaven and worshiping the Heaven, which means the oneness between the Heaven and a human being.

Poomsae Hansu

The word “Hansu” means water is the source of substance preserving the life and growing all the creatures. Hansu symbolizes birth of a life and growth, strength & weakness, magnanimity & harmony, and adaptability. Especially, “han” has the various meanings, namely, the name of a country, numerousness, largeness, evenness, length and even the heaven and the root of evening, among others. Above all, the above significances, is the background of organizing this poomsae.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are son-nal-deung-momtong-hecho-makki, me-jumeok-yang-yopkuri[both flanks]-chigi, kodureo-khaljaebi, an-palmok-arae- pyojeok-makki, son-nal-keumgang-makki, etc., and also modum-bal as a stance.

Actions should be practiced softly like water but continuously like a drop of water gathering to make an ocean. The poomsae line symbolizes the Chinese letter that means water.

Ilyeo means the thought of a great Buddhist priest of Silla Dynasty, Saint Wonhyo, which is characterized by the philosophy of oneness of mind [spirit] and body [material]. It teaches that a point, a line or a circle ends up all in one. Therefore, the poomsae Ilyeo represents the harmonization of spirit and body, which is the essence of martial art, after a long training of various types of techniques and spiritual cultivation for completion of Taekwondo practice.

The new techniques introduced in this poomsae are son-nal-olgul-makki, wesanteul-yop-chagi, du-son-pyo[two opened hands]-bitureo-jabadangkigi [twisting and pulling], twio- yop-chagi and the first stance of ogeum[knee back]-hakdari-seogi. Jumbi-seogi is the bo-jumeok-moa-seogi [wrapped-up fist moa-seogi], in which, as the last step of poomsae training, two wrapped-up fists are placed in front of the chin, which has the significance of unification and moderation, so that the spiritual energy can flow freely into the body as well as the two hands. The line of poomsae symbolizes the Buddist mark [swastika], in commemoration of saint Wonhyo, which means a state of perfect selflessness in Buddhism where origin, substance and service come into congruity.

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